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Algae play a critical role in the sustainability of human life and our ecosystem. Algae are some of the most efficient CO2 scrubbers in the air, with ten times greater CO2 fixation than terrestrial plants. The 1974 UN World Food Conference deemed algae ‘the most ideal food for mankind,’ and NASA uses algae as dietary supplements on long-term space missions because of the rich, well-balanced nutritional content.

Even so, however, we may not fully enjoy algae's outstanding benefits in our everyday lives. Rather, we tend to dismiss it, associating it with negative feelings: mossy, slimy, gross. This isn't strange, because we usually see algae in unpleasant situations—stagnant water, with a nauseous smell like pond scum—and these contexts influence our perception of algae as distasteful. Because of this emotional rejection, we might underestimate algae's values, try to eliminate it from our everyday lives, and thus lose the potential benefit to our health and our environment.

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The Coral is an indoor micro-algae farm designed to rebuild a relationship with algae in our everyday lives.

This wall-mounted bioreactor proposes a daily ritual for algae consumption through home algae farming activities.

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Each culture cell in the four-by-four grid wall frame contains around 2 grams of algae when it turns dark green—the recommended daily intake amount. The 16 cells in the farm enable us to grow and eat algae every day because one cell has a biweekly cycle to replenish after harvesting.

Through its simple farming and harvesting process, The Coral allows us to access this outstanding food resource at home and consume algae - a sustainable alternative of supplying nutritional diets.

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The Coral also highlights the environmental benefits of algae through its coral pattern on the front. The 16 cells change color from transparent to shades of green as the algae grow and complete one vibrant coral. This transition shows the environmental importance of algae through a symbol of revitalizing coral from ‘coral bleaching,’ the worldwide phenomenon caused by global warming.

‘The Coral’ is an indoor micro-algae farm designed to rebuild a relationship with algae, critical for sustainability yet less appreciated, in our everyday lives.

Hyunseok An

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EFFULGE 2012 - 2014

Acrylic, Glass, Aluminum, Photonic Crystal, Neodymium, Motor, Computer, Electronic Micro Controller, Electromagenticfield Generator, Muon-detector, Air Pump

A project of Fluid Skies, 2012

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Glycerin, water, led

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Paramagnet Particle, Distilled Water

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ARGOS 2018

Gelger Müller tube, glass, aluminium, micro controller

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Microfluid dynamics installation

Yunchul Kim is an artist, an electroacoustic music composer, and the founder of Studio Locus Solus in Seoul. His latest works are focusing on the artistic potential of fluid dynamics, metamaterials (photonic crystals) and especially on the context of magnetohydrodynamics. His works have been shown internationally including: FACT, Liverpool; ZKM, Germany; Ars Electronica, Austria; International Triennial of New media art, China; VIDA15.0, Spain; Transmediale, Germany; ISEA, Germany; and New York Digital Salon, amongst others.

Kim was the winner of the Collide International Award 2016, CERN, and was awarded the third prize at VIDA 15.0, Vida Foundation in 2013. He has received grants from renowned institutions and organizations such as Ernst Schering Foundation, Edith-Russ-Haus for Media Art.

Having taught in several academic institutions, Kim was chief researcher of the research group Mattereality at the Transdisciplinary Research Program at the Korea Institute for Advanced Study. He is a member of the art and science project group Fluid Skies as well as Liquid Things, an artistic research project at the Art and Science Department of the University of Applied Arts Vienna, Austria.

Yunchul Kim

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Modular SHORAD system Hanwha Defense Systems

At EDEX 2018, the first Egypt Defense Exhibition, South Korean Company Hanwha unveils a scale model of its new BiHo II mobile air defense system based on the 8x8 wheeled chassis of the Tigon armored vehicle. The vehicle is a new concept of air defense vehicle compared to the previous version of the Biho using a single 30 or 40mm automatic cannon able to fire airburst ammunition.

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The Biho II is based on the 8x8 wheeled chassis of the Tigon armored vehicle that was unveiled during the Defense Exhibition DX Korea in September 2018. The hull of the vehicle is of all-welded steel armor but can be fitted with applique armor to improve protection against ballistic and mine threats.

The Biho II vehicle is powered by a newly powerpack developed by the Company Caterpillar including a turbocharged and intercooled 6-cylinder inline diesel developing 525 hp. coupled to a 4500SP electronically controlled automatic transmission with six forward and one reverse gears from Allison.

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Biho-II is a modular short-range air-defense system.

Its high level of modularity allows the system to swap out various components, such as its armament, sensors, and even the chassis.

The BiHo II is fitted with an unmanned turret that can be armed with one 30 or 40mm cannon able to fire airburst ammunition, a new type of tactical anti-personnel explosive ammunition that detonates in midair, causing air burst effect fragment damage to an enemy. The vehicle has a crew of three including driver, commander and gunner.

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In addition to the main armament, the Biho II can be armed with surface-to-air missile launchers that can be mounted to the roof side of the turret.

The turret of the Biho II is fitted with on-board small target radar mounted to the right side of the turret which has a maximum range of 15 km and a surveillance radar mounted on the roof of the turret which has a maximum range of 35 km. It has a maximum tracking range of 7 km for fighter aircraft and 3 km for UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Systems).


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